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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of spermidine on the in vivo degradation of ornithine decarboxylase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

As part of our studies on the regulation of polyamine biosynthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we have investigated the effect of spermidine on the degradation of ornithine decarboxylase in this organism. We have found that in S. cerevisiae, as in other eukaryotic cells, the rate of degradation of ornithine decarboxylase, measured either enzymatically or immunologically, is increased by the addition of spermidine to a yeast culture. It is noteworthy that this effect of added spermidine is found even when the experiments are conducted with strains in which the ornithine decarboxylase is overexpressed several hundred-fold more than the wild-type level. The effect of added spermidine in the overexpressed SPE1 strains is best seen in spe2 mutants in which the initial intracellular spermidine is very low or absent. Experiments with cycloheximide show that new protein synthesis is required to effect the breakdown of the ornithine decarboxylase. These results indicate that S. cerevisiae contains an antizyme-like mechanism for the control of the level of ornithine decarboxylase by spermidine, even though, as contrasted with other eukaryotic cells, no specific antizyme homologue has been detected either in in vitro experiments or in the S. cerevisiae genome.[1]


  1. Effect of spermidine on the in vivo degradation of ornithine decarboxylase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Gupta, R., Hamasaki-Katagiri, N., White Tabor, C., Tabor, H. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2001) [Pubmed]
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