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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sequence-dependent interactions of two forms of UvrC with DNA helix-stabilizing CC-1065-N3-adenine adducts.

The uvrA, uvrB, and uvrC genes of Escherichia coli control the initial steps of nucleotide excision repair. The uvrC gene product is involved in at least one of the dual incisions produced by the UvrABC complex. Using single-stranded (ss) DNA affinity chromatography, we have separated two forms of UvrC from both wild-type E. coli cells and overproducing cells. UvrCI elutes at 0.4 M KCl, and UvrCII elutes at 0.6 M KCl. In general, both forms, in the presence of UvrA and UvrB, actively incise UV-irradiated and CC-1065-modified DNA in the same fashion; i.e., they incise six to eight nucleotides 5' to and three to five nucleotides 3' to a photoproduct or a CC-1065-N3-adenine adduct. They produce different incisions, however, at a CC-1065-N3-adenine adduct in the sequence 5'-GATTACG- present in the MspI-BstNI 117 bp fragment of M13mp1. UvrABCI incises at both the 5' and 3' sides of the adduct (UvrABCI cut), while UvrABCII incises only at the 5' side (UvrABCII cut). Mixing UvrCI and UvrCII results in both UvrABCI and UvrABCII cuts, and the levels of these two types of cutting are proportional to the amount of UvrCI and UvrCII. DNase I footprints of the MspI-BstNI 117 bp DNA fragment containing a site-directed CC-1065-adenine adduct at the 5'-GATTACG- site show that UvrCII, but not UvrCI, binds to the adduct site. Furthermore, the pattern of DNase I footprints induced by UvrCII binding differs from the pattern of the footprints induced by UvrA, UvrAB, and UvrABCI binding. Interestingly, while the presence of unirradiated DNA enhances the efficiency of UvrABCII in incising UV-irradiated DNA, it does not enhance UvrABCII incision of the CC-1065-N3-adenine adduct formed at 5'-GATTACG-. These results show that two different forms of UvrC differ in DNA binding properties as well as incision modes at some kinds of DNA damage.[1]


  1. Sequence-dependent interactions of two forms of UvrC with DNA helix-stabilizing CC-1065-N3-adenine adducts. Nazimiec, M., Lee, C.S., Tang, Y.L., Ye, X., Case, R., Tang, M. Biochemistry (2001) [Pubmed]
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