The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Enhancement of innate immunity against Mycobacterium avium infection by immunostimulatory DNA is mediated by indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase.

Bacterial DNA and its synthetic immunostimulatory oligodeoxynucleotide analogs (ISS-ODN) activate innate immunity and promote Th1 and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte immune responses. Based on these activities, we investigated whether ISS-ODN could modify the course of Mycobacterium avium infection. M. avium growth in vitro was significantly inhibited by ISS-ODN treatment of human and mouse macrophages, and M. avium growth in vivo was similarly inhibited in C57BL/6 mice treated with ISS-ODN. This protective effect of ISS-ODN was largely independent of tumor necrosis factor alpha ( TNF-alpha), interleukin 12 (IL-12), nitric oxide, NADPH oxidase, alpha/beta interferon (IFN-alpha/beta), and IFN-gamma. In contrast, we found that the induction of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase ( IDO) was required for the antimycobacterial effect of ISS-ODN. To evaluate the potential for synergism between ISS-ODN and other antimycobacterial agents, treatment with a combination of ISS-ODN and clarithromycin (CLA) was tested in vitro and in vivo. ISS-ODN significantly enhanced the therapeutic effect of CLA in both human and mouse macrophages and in C57BL/6 mice. This study newly identifies IDO as being involved in the antimicrobial activity of ISS-ODN and suggests the usefulness of ISS-ODN when used in combination with conventional chemotherapy for microbial infections.[1]

References

  1. Enhancement of innate immunity against Mycobacterium avium infection by immunostimulatory DNA is mediated by indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase. Hayashi, T., Rao, S.P., Takabayashi, K., Van Uden, J.H., Kornbluth, R.S., Baird, S.M., Taylor, M.W., Carson, D.A., Catanzaro, A., Raz, E. Infect. Immun. (2001) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities