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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Silencing mediator of retinoid and thyroid hormone receptors and activating signal cointegrator-2 as transcriptional coregulators of the orphan nuclear receptor Nur77.

For the orphan nuclear receptor subfamily that includes Nur77 (NGFI-B), Nurr1, and NOR-1, no transcriptional coregulators have been identified thus far. In this report, we found that Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IV enhances Nur77 transactivation in cotransfections either alone or in synergy with AF2dependent coactivator ASC-2, whereas corepressor silencing mediator for retinoid and thyroid hormone receptors (SMRT) is repressive. Interestingly, Nur77 interacted with SMRT but did not directly bind ASC-2, and accordingly, the putative AF2 core domain of Nur77 did not affect the Nur77 transactivation. SMRT harbors transferable repression domains that associate with various histone deacetylases. Surprisingly, histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A was unable to block the repressive effect of SMRT while dramatically stimulating the Nur77 transactivation. These results suggest that SMRT and ASC-2 are specific coregulators of Nur77 and that SMRT may dynamically compete with a putative adaptor molecule, which links ASC-2 to Nur77, for the identical binding sites within Nur77 in vivo.[1]


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