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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Experimental study of seita-fitting.

The purpose of this study was to verify the difference between carrying a load on the sacrum (LOS) and on the lumbar vertebrae ( LOL) in oxygen uptake, muscle activities, heart rate, cadence, and subjective response. Nine males (26.7 +/- 3.1 years old), each carrying a 7.5 kg carrier frame and a 40 kg load, walked on a treadmill at a speed of 50 m/min. EMGs were recorded from the trapezius, rectus abdominis, erector spinae, vastus lateralis, rectus femoris, vastus medialis, biceps femoris long head, tibial anterior, soleus, medial head of gastrocnemius, and the lateral head of gastrocnemius. For each subject the integrated EMG (IEMG) was normalized by dividing the IEMG in the LOL and LOS by the IEMG in a no-load condition (NL) for each investigated muscle. The following was significantly higher in LOL than in LOS: oxygen uptake; IEMG of the tibial anterior, soleus, and medial head of gastrocnemius; cadence; and rated perceived exertion. However, IEMG of the erector spinae was significantly lower in LOL than in LOS. These results suggest that seita-fitting in LOS causes a decrease of leg muscle activities, which causes oxygen uptake to decrease beyond the increase of the erector spinae activity.[1]


  1. Experimental study of seita-fitting. Kawahara, M., Sako, H., Sato, H. Journal of human ergology. (1998) [Pubmed]
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