The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Cytochrome c release is upstream to activation of caspase-9, caspase-8, and caspase-3 in the enhanced apoptosis of anaplastic thyroid cancer cells induced by manumycin and paclitaxel.

We previously demonstrated that the combination of a farnesyltransferase inhibitor, manumycin A, and paclitaxel had a synergistic antineoplastic effect on anaplastic thyroid cancer. In this study we investigated the apoptosis pathway involved. In ARO and KAT-4 cells, manumycin- plus paclitaxel-induced DNA fragmentation was blocked by the inhibitors of caspase-9, caspase-8, and caspase-3. The drug combination enhanced the activation of caspase-9, caspase-8, and caspase-3 and cytochrome c release into the cytosol. Cytochrome c release was not affected by the inhibitors of caspase-9, caspase-8 and caspase-3. In a cell-free reconstitution assay, DNA fragmentation occurred after incubating nuclei purified from untreated KAT-4 cells with deoxy-ATP, exogenous cytochrome c and S-100 extracts from control KAT-4 cells, and also after incubation of purified KAT-4 nuclei with S-100 extracts from KAT-4 cells treated with manumycin-plus-paclitaxel. In both cases, the DNA fragmentation was blocked by the inhibitors of caspase-9, caspase-8 and caspase-3. We concluded that the cytochrome c release was upstream of the activation of caspase-9, caspase-8, and caspase-3 in the enhanced apoptosis of anaplastic thyroid cancer cells treated with manumycin plus paclitaxel, and that the interaction between manumycin and paclitaxel occurred at or upstream of cytochrome c in the apoptosis regulatory pathway in anaplastic thyroid cancer cells.[1]

References

 
WikiGenes - Universities