The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Comparison of cytochrome P450 2A6 polymorphism frequencies in Caucasians and African-Americans using a new one-step PCR-RFLP genotyping method.

CYP2A6 (cytochrome P450 2A6), which was first identified as the human coumarin 7-hydroxylase, is the most important enzyme in nicotine C-oxidation. The enzyme also metabolically activates the tobacco specific nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) in vitro. Polymorphisms in the CYP2A6 gene may thus impact on both smoking behavior and lung cancer susceptibility. Several different genotyping methods have been reported with conflicting results in the frequencies of CYP2A6 polymorphic variants. Thus we decided to perform a sequence analysis of the entire CYP2A6 gene. Sequencing confirmed the published CYP2A6 cDNA sequence. However, intron sequences differed considerably from the reported sequence of the CYP2A6*3 (v2) variant. Our analyses revealed that parts of introns shared homologies with the published sequence of CYP2A13. Based on our sequence data we developed a one step protocol for specific amplification of exon 3 of CYP2A6. The resulting PCR product can be used directly for restriction endonuclease digestion with XcmI and DdeI to determine the frequencies of the reported variant alleles CYP2A6*2 and CYP2A6*3. In a population of 305 African-Americans and 145 Caucasians, we found allele frequencies of 0.003 (2/610) for CYP2A6*2 and 0 (0/610) for CYP2A6*3 in African-Americans and allele frequencies of 0.014 (4/290) and 0 (0/290) in Caucasians. We conclude that both alleles are considerably less frequent in populations than previously reported.[1]

References

  1. Comparison of cytochrome P450 2A6 polymorphism frequencies in Caucasians and African-Americans using a new one-step PCR-RFLP genotyping method. Paschke, T., Riefler, M., Schuler-Metz, A., Wolz, L., Scherer, G., McBride, C.M., Bepler, G. Toxicology (2001) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities