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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Concurrent inactivation of RB1 and TP53 pathways in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas.

Oligodendrogliomas are characterized by frequent loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosomes 1p and 19q, but additional genetic alterations are likely to be involved. In this study, we screened 28 oligodendrogliomas (WHO grade II) and 20 anaplastic oligodendrogliomas (WHO grade III) for alterations in the RB1/CDK4/p16INK4a/p15INK4b and TP53/p14ARF/MDM2 pathways. In oligodendrogliomas, hypermethylation of RB1 (1 case) and p14ARF (6 cases) were the only detectable genetic changes (7/28, 25%). In anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, the RB1/CDK4/p16INK4a/p15INK4b signaling pathway regulating the G1 -->3 S transition of the cell cycle was altered in 13/20 (65%) cases, by either RBI alteration, CDK4 amplification, or p16IN4a/p15INK4b homozygous deletion or promoter hypermethylation. Further, 50% (10/20) of anaplastic oligodendrogliomas showed alterations in the TP53 pathway through promoter hypermethylation or homozygous deletion of the p14ARF gene and, less frequently, through TP53 mutation or MDM2 amplification. Of 13 anaplastic astrocytomas with an altered RB1 pathway, 9 (69%) also showed a dysregulated TP53 pathway. Thus, simultaneous disruption of the RB1/CDK4/p16INK4a/p15INK4b and the TP53/p14ARF/MDM2 pathways occurs in 45% (9/20) of anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, suggesting that these phenomena contribute to their malignant phenotype.[1]


  1. Concurrent inactivation of RB1 and TP53 pathways in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas. Watanabe, T., Yokoo, H., Yokoo, M., Yonekawa, Y., Kleihues, P., Ohgaki, H. J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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