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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential effects of Rad52p overexpression on gene targeting and extrachromosomal homologous recombination in a human cell line.

Overexpression of the RAD52 epistasis group of gene products is a convenient way to investigate their in vivo roles in homologous recombination (HR) and DNA repair. Overexpression has the further attraction that any associated stimulation of HR may facilitate gene-targeting applications. Rad51p or Rad52p overexpression in mammalian cells have previously been shown to enhance some forms of HR and resistance to ionising radiation, but the effects of Rad52p overexpression on gene targeting have not been tested. Here we show that Rad52p overexpression inhibits gene targeting while stimulating extrachromosomal HR. We also find that Rad52p overexpression affects cell-cycle distribution, impairs cell survival and is lost during extensive passaging. Therefore, we suggest that excess Rad52p can inhibit the essential RAD51-dependent pathways of HR most likely to be responsible for gene targeting, while at the same time stimulating the RAD51-independent pathway thought to be responsible for extrachromosomal HR. The data also argue against Rad52p overexpression as a means of promoting gene targeting, and highlight the limitations of using a single HR assay to assess the overall status of HR.[1]


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