The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The development of colon innervation in trisomy 16 mice and Hirschsprung's disease.

AIM: To study the colon innervation of trisomy 16 mouse, an animal model for Down's syndrome, and the expression of protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) in the stenosed segment of colon in Hirschsprung's disease (HD). METHODS: Trisomy 16 mouse breeding;cytogenetic analysis of trisomy 16 mice; and PG P9.5 immunohistochemistry of colons of trisomy 16 mice and HD were carried out. RESULTS: Compared with their normal littermates, the nervous system of colon in trisomy 16 mice was abnormally developed. There existed developmental delay of muscular plexuses of colon, no submucosal plexus was found in the colon, and there was 5mm aganglionic bowel aparting from the anus in trisomy 16 mice. The mesentery nerve fibers were as well developed as shown in their normal littermates. Abundant proliferation of PGP 9.5 positive nerve fibers was revealed in the stenosed segment of HD colon. CONCLUSION: Trisomy 16 mice could serve as an animal model for Hirschsprung's disease for aganglionic bowel in the distal part of colon.Abundant proliferation of PGP 9.5 positive fibers resulted from extrinsic nerve compensation, since no ganglionic cells were observed in the stenosed segment of the colon in HD. HD has a genetic tendency.[1]


  1. The development of colon innervation in trisomy 16 mice and Hirschsprung's disease. Li, J.C., Mi, K.H., Zhou, J.L., Busch, L., Kuhnel, W. World J. Gastroenterol. (2001) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities