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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

CCK processing by pituitary GH3 cells, human teratocarcinoma cells NT2 and hNT differentiated human neuronal cells evidence for a differentiation-induced change in enzyme expression and pro CCK processing.

Human teratocarcinoma Ntera2/c 1.D1 (NT2) cells express very low levels of the prohormone convertase enzyme PC1, moderate levels of PC2 and significant levels of PC5. When infected with an adenovirus which expresses rat CCK mRNA, several glycine-extended forms were secreted that co-eluted with CCK 33, 22 and 12. Amidated CCK is not produced because these cells appear to lack the amidating enzyme. Pituitary GH3 cells express high levels of PC2 and PC5. CCK adenovirus-infected GH3 cells secrete amidated versions of the same peptides as NT2 cells. Differentiation of NT2 cells into hNT cells with retinoic acid and mitotic inhibitors increased expression of PC5 and decreased expression of PCI and PC2. CCK adenovirus-infected differentiated hNT cells also secrete glycine extended CCK products and the major molecular form produced co-eluted with CCK 8 Gly. These experiments demonstrate that the state of differentiation of this neuronal cell line influences its expression of PC 1,2, and 5 and its cleavage of pro CCK and suggests that these cells may make an interesting model to study how differentiation alters prohormone processing. These results also support the hypothesis that PC5 in differentiated neuronal cells is capable of processing pro CCK to glycine-extended CCK 8.[1]


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