The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of cyclooxygenase 2 is an independent prognostic factor in human ovarian carcinoma.

Cyclooxygenase-2 ( COX-2) is the rate-limiting enzyme in prostanoid biosynthesis and is involved in tumor progression. We investigated expression of COX-1 and COX-2 in cell lines and tumors from ovarian carcinomas. Expression of COX-2 mRNA and protein was detectable in three of five ovarian carcinoma cell lines and was inducible by interleukin-1beta or phorbolester in a subset of cell lines. Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) production could be inhibited by the selective COX-2 inhibitor NS-398. In malignant ascites of ovarian carcinomas significantly increased levels of PGE(2) were found compared to other carcinomas or nonmalignant ascites (P = 0.03). We investigated expression of COX-2 by immunohistochemistry in 117 ovarian surface epithelial tumors. Expression of COX-2 was detected in 42% of 86 ovarian carcinomas and in 37% of 19 low malignant potential tumors, but not in 12 cystadenomas or 2 normal ovaries. Expression of COX-1 was detected by immunohistochemistry in 75% of 75 invasive ovarian carcinomas and in 75% of 16 low malignant potential tumors, whereas 2 samples from normal ovaries and 8 cystadenomas were positive for COX-1. In univariate survival analysis of invasive carcinomas, expression of COX-2 was associated with a significantly reduced median survival time (log rank test, P = 0.04). For patients younger than 60 years of age, this association was even more significant (P < 0.004). In contrast, expression of COX-1 was no prognostic parameter (P = 0.89). There was no significant correlation between COX-2 or COX-1 expression and other clinicopathological markers. In multivariate analysis expression of COX-2 was an independent prognostic factor for poor survival (relative risk, 2.74; 95% CI, 1.38 to 5.47). Our data indicate that COX-2 expression is an independent prognostic factor in ovarian carcinoma. Based on the results of this study, it would be interesting to investigate whether ovarian carcinoma patients with tumors positive for COX-2 would benefit from treatment with selective COX-2 inhibitors.[1]


  1. Expression of cyclooxygenase 2 is an independent prognostic factor in human ovarian carcinoma. Denkert, C., Köbel, M., Pest, S., Koch, I., Berger, S., Schwabe, M., Siegert, A., Reles, A., Klosterhalfen, B., Hauptmann, S. Am. J. Pathol. (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities