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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interleukin-10 overexpression mediates phenyl-N-tert-butyl nitrone protection from endotoxemia.

The free radical trapping compound phenyl N-tert-butylnitrone (PBN) provides potent protection against lethal endotoxemia in rodents, but the mechanism of this protection is not well understood. The objective of this study was to show that PBN administration in lipopolysaccharide- (LPS) induced endotoxemia promotes enhanced production of endogenous interleukin 10 (IL-10), and the expressed IL-10 is a causal factor in the protection from endotoxemia. We show the amplified expression of IL-10 in liver and plasma in PBN- (150 mg/kg) plus LPS- (4 mg/kg) treated rats using ribonuclease protection assay (RPA) and ELISA. In situ hybridization was utilized to visualize the overexpression of the IL-10 gene, and ELISA was used to determine plasma IL-10 and TNFalpha levels. Plasma IL-10 showed a 3-fold increase in PBN/LPS- treated rats compared to those treated with LPS alone, and in contrast, TNFalpha level decreased by more than 90%. However, the administration of PBN alone induced no IL-10 production. Immunoneutralization of IL-10 through anti-IL-10 antibody administration to PBN/LPS-treated rats abrogated PBN's suppression of systemic nitric oxide (NO) formation, a surrogate marker for the severity of endotoxemia, indicating that IL-10 is a causal factor for the protection. In these experiments, systemic NO level was quantified using an in vivo electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) NO-trapping technique. Gel-shift and immunohistochemical analyses indicated that the transcription factor NF-kappaB was deactivated after PBN treatment, suggesting that NF-kappaB deactivation is closely involved in IL-10 overexpression.[1]


  1. Interleukin-10 overexpression mediates phenyl-N-tert-butyl nitrone protection from endotoxemia. Kotake, Y., Sang, H., Tabatabaie, T., Wallis, G.L., Moore, D.R., Stewart, C.A. Shock (2002) [Pubmed]
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