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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Studies on ram acrosin. Fluorimetric titratiion of operational molarity with 4-methylumbelliferyl p-guanidinobenzoate.

1. Titration in sodium barbiturate buffer of acrosin, a serine proteinase from sperm acrosomes, with the ester substrate 4-methylumbelliferyl p-guanidinobenzoate gave rise to an incomplete 'burst' of 4-methylumbelliferone. Studies of the effects on the reaction of activators of acrosin (Ca2+, water-miscible solvents) showed that titrations carried out in barbiturate buffer containing 1M-CaCl2 and diluted with 0.2 vol. of dimethylsulphoxide produced a rapid quantitative burst within 4 min at 20 degrees C. 2. The net post-burst production of 4-methylumbelliferone was neglibible because (a) the acyl-enzyme was very stable, and (b) the slow post-burst formation of 4-methylumbelliferone (turnover of acyl-enzyme) was virtually equal to the slow photolytic destruction of 4-methylumbelliferone that was liberated during the burst. 3. The standard procedure permits titrations of 20-100pmol of acrosin, i.e. amounts normally taken for conventional rate assays, and with these amounts the impurities present in crude enzme fractions did not interfere. The burst was judged to be quantitative on the basis of comparisons with titrations of acrosin with p-nitrophenyl p'-quanidinobenzoate. 4. The burst reaction of trypsin with the 4-methylumbelliferyl ester was inhibited by high Ca2+ concentrations and by dimethyl sulphoxide. 5. The association and dissociation of complexes of both acrosin and trypsin with protein-type inhibitors (Kunitz pancreatic trypsin inhibitor and a spermatozoal acrosin inhibitor) are rather slow. It is thus possible, in certain cases, to use the ester to titrate both total enzyme in an inhibitor-enzyme mixture and net enzyme, i.e. the stoicheiometric excess of enzyme over inhibitor.[1]


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