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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The human T cell response to myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein: a multiple sclerosis family-based study.

Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein ( MOG) is an encephalitogenic myelin protein and a likely autoantigen in human multiple sclerosis ( MS). In this work, we describe the fine specificity and cytokine profile of T cell clones (TCC) directed against MOG in three nuclear families, comprised of four individuals affected with MS and their HLA-identical siblings. TCC were generated from PBMC by limiting dilution against a mixture of eleven 20-mer overlapping peptides corresponding to the encephalitogenic extracellular domain of human MOG (aa 1-120). The frequency of MOG peptide-reactive T cells was surprisingly high (range, 1:400 to 1:3,000) and, unexpectedly, cloning efficiencies were highest at low seeding densities of 10(2) or 10(3) PBMC per well. A total of 235 MOG peptide-reactive TCC were produced, all of which were CD4(+)CD8(-)TCRalphabeta(+)TCRgammadelta(-). All 11 MOG peptides were recognized by the TCC, and different epitopes of MOG appeared to be immunodominant in the HLA-identical siblings. The patterns of cytokine secretion by TCC from single individuals were generally similar. The healthy individuals exhibited Th2-, Th0-, and T regulatory cell 1-like cytokine profiles, whereas TCC from one sibling with MS had a striking Th1-like phenotype, producing high levels of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha, and low IL-4 levels. Thus, MOG-reactive T cells appear to constitute an important part of the natural T cell repertoire, a finding that could contribute to the development of autoimmunity to this protein.[1]


  1. The human T cell response to myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein: a multiple sclerosis family-based study. Koehler, N.K., Genain, C.P., Giesser, B., Hauser, S.L. J. Immunol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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