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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

ErbB2 and ErbB3 do not quantitatively modulate ligand-induced ErbB4 tyrosine phosphorylation.

The ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases consists of four members: the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR/ErbB1), ErbB2/HER2/Neu, ErbB3/HER3, and ErbB4/HER4. ErbB2 is an "orphan" for which there is no naturally occurring, soluble ligand. ErbB3 lacks tyrosine kinase activity. Thus, we hypothesized that ErbB2 enhances ligand-induced ErbB family receptor signalling through mass action. In contrast, we hypothesized that ErbB3 reduces ligand-induced ErbB family receptor signalling by forming receptor heterodimers that cannot undergo bidirectional cross-phosphorylation. We tested these hypotheses using three cell lines that express equal levels of ErbB4. One expresses ErbB4 alone, the second expresses ErbB2 and ErbB4, and the third expresses ErbB3 and ErbB4. We treated the cells with the ErbB4 ligands betacellulin (BTC) and neuregulin1beta (NRG1 beta) and assayed ErbB4 tyrosine phosphorylation. ErbB2 and ErbB3 do not affect the amount of ligand-induced ErbB4 tyrosine phosphorylation. We will discuss these findings within the context of a model for ErbB receptor signalling.[1]


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