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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The lymphoproliferative defect in CTLA-4-deficient mice is ameliorated by an inhibitory NK cell receptor.

T-cell responses are regulated by activating and inhibiting signals. CD28 and its homologue, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4), are the primary regulatory molecules that enhance or inhibit T-cell activation, respectively. Recently it has been shown that inhibitory natural killer (NK) cell receptors (NKRs) are expressed on subsets of T cells. It has been proposed that these receptors may also play an important role in regulating T-cell responses. However, the extent to which the NKRs modulate peripheral T-cell homeostasis and activation in vivo remains unclear. In this report we show that NK cell inhibitory receptor Ly49A engagement on T cells dramatically limits T-cell activation and the resultant lymphoproliferative disorder that occurs in CTLA-4-deficient mice. Prevention of activation and expansion of the potentially autoreactive CTLA-4(-/-) T cells by the Ly49A- mediated inhibitory signal demonstrates that NKR expression can play an important regulatory role in T-cell homeostasis in vivo. These results demonstrate the importance of inhibitory signals in T-cell homeostasis and suggest the common biochemical basis of inhibitory signaling pathways in T lymphocytes.[1]


  1. The lymphoproliferative defect in CTLA-4-deficient mice is ameliorated by an inhibitory NK cell receptor. Chambers, C.A., Kang, J., Wu, Y., Held, W., Raulet, D.H., Allison, J.P. Blood (2002) [Pubmed]
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