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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Induced proliferation of human MRC-5 cells by nitrogen oxides via direct and indirect activation of MEKK1, JNK, and p38 signals.

Nitrogen oxides (NOx) are important indoor air pollutants and an occupational hazard. Many studies demonstrated that NOx causes lung tissue damage based on the oxidation properties and the free-radical potentials of these gases. In this study we found that NOx delivered as a NO gas-saturated solution induced proliferation of human lung fibroblast MCR-5 cells as evidenced by increasing cell number and S phase distribution. Western data showed that NOx increased the expressions of c-Fos, c-Jun, and signaling kinases including MEKK1, JNK1, and p38 (with induction fold of 3.3, 2.8, and 3.2, respectively) in the cells 12 h after treatment. The levels of phospho-MEKK1 and phospho-JNK1 were also increased. The application of iNOS inhibitor, NAME, partially blocked the activation of MEKK4 and JNK1. These data suggested that JNK and p38 signaling kinases are activated partly by endogenous NO that are generated from NOx- activated iNOS in MRC-5 cells. Therefore, the NOx-induced cell proliferation via activation of MEKK1, JNK1, and p38 might contribute to lung tissue damage caused by NOx pollutants.[1]

References

  1. Induced proliferation of human MRC-5 cells by nitrogen oxides via direct and indirect activation of MEKK1, JNK, and p38 signals. Chou, F.P., Tseng, T.H., Chen, J.H., Wang, H.C., Wang, C.J. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. (2002) [Pubmed]
 
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