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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Constitutive activation of NF-kappaB in Ki-ras-transformed prostate epithelial cells.

The signaling pathway responsible for the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) by oncogenic forms of Ras remains unclear. Both, the transactivation and DNA binding activities of NF-kappaB, were increased in 267B1 human prostate epithelial cells transformed by viral Kirsten-ras (267B1/Ki-ras cells) compared with those in the parental cells. This increased NF-kappaB activity was attributed to a heterodimeric complex of p50 and p65 subunits. Although the abundance of the inhibitor protein IkappaBbeta was higher in 267B1/Ki-ras cells than in 267B1 cells, an electrophoretic mobility-shift assay suggested that IkappaBalpha is responsible for the activation of NF-kappaB in the former cells. Consistent with this notion, the phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha appeared increased in 267B1/Ki-ras cells, and the proteasome inhibitor I abolished the constitutive activation of NF-kappaB in these cells. The expression of dominant negative mutants of either NIK (NF-kappaB- inducing kinase) or IKKbeta (IkappaB kinase beta) inhibited the activity of NF-kappaB in 267B1/Ki-ras cells. Furthermore, chemical inhibitors specific for Ras activation, sulindac sulfide and farnesytranferase inhibitor I, markedly reduced IkappaBalpha phosphorylation and NF-kappaB activation in the Ki-ras-transformed cells while transfection of these cells with NIK or IKKbeta counteracted the inhibitory effect on NF-kappaB activation. These results suggest that oncogenic Ki-Ras induces transactivation of NF-kappaB through the NIK-IKKbeta-IkappaBalpha pathway.[1]


  1. Constitutive activation of NF-kappaB in Ki-ras-transformed prostate epithelial cells. Kim, B.Y., Gaynor, R.B., Song, K., Dritschilo, A., Jung, M. Oncogene (2002) [Pubmed]
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