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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Potentiation of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)-induced differentiation of human promyelocytic leukemia cells into monocytes by costunolide, a germacranolide sesquiterpene lactone.

Costunolide, a germacranolide sesquiterpene lactone that exists in several medicinal plants, is known to be a possible anti-cancer and chemopreventive agent for tumorigenesis. In this report, we investigated the effect of costunolide on cellular differentiation in the human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cell culture system. Costunolide markedly increased the degree of HL-60 leukemia cell differentiation when simultaneously combined with 5nM 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25-(OH)(2)D(3)). Costunolide by itself had very weak effects on the differentiation of HL-60 cells. Cytofluorometric analysis and cell morphologic studies indicated that costunolide potentiated 1,25-(OH)(2)D(3)-induced cell differentiation predominantly into monocytes. Inhibitors for PKC, PI3-K, and ERK markedly inhibited HL-60 cell differentiation induced by costunolide in combination with 1,25-(OH)(2)D(3). In addition, pretreatment of HL-60 cells with costunolide before the 1,25-(OH)(2)D(3) addition also potentiated cell differentiation in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, and the enhanced levels of cell differentiation closely correlated with the inhibitory levels of NF-kappaB-binding activity by costunolide. These results indicate that PKC, PI3-K, ERK and NF-kappaB may be involved in 1,25-(OH)(2)D(3)-mediated cell differentiation enhanced by costunolide.[1]


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