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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Retinoic acid suppression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase in porcine oocyte.

The presence of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) has been found in porcine oocytes, but its mRNA and protein levels remain relatively constant during hormonal stimulation. The present study was designed to determine the effect of retinoic acid on eNOS regulation in porcine oocytes during follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) stimulation. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs), prepared from small antral follicles of immature porcine ovaries, were cultured for 15 h and treated with FSH for an additional 48 h. eNOS mRNA and its protein were analyzed by reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting, respectively. Retinoic acid had an inhibitory effect on the level of oocyte eNOS mRNA in a dose-dependent manner if COCs were exposed to retinoic acid before FSH stimulation. The inhibition of FSH action was reflected in a decrease in expression of c-fos mRNA. eNOS protein also decreased to approximately 50% of the control after exposure to 10 microM retinoic acid. However, the ability of NO synthesis was abolished in the oocytes prepared from retinoic acid pretreated COCs. These results suggest that retinoic acid has a strong inhibitory action on eNOS mRNA level and NO synthesis in the porcine oocyte.[1]


  1. Retinoic acid suppression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase in porcine oocyte. Hattori, M.A., Kato, Y., Fujihara, N. Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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