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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

TNF-alpha promoter region gene polymorphisms in HIV-positive patients with lipodystrophy.

OBJECTIVE: The pathogenic mechanisms underlying lipodystrophy in HIV-positive patients are largely unknown. TNF-alpha has many actions that are consistent with the features of lipodystrophy; therefore, an analysis was carried out to determine whether functionally active polymorphisms in the promoter region of the TNF-alpha gene are associated with the development of lipodystrophy. DESIGN: Genetic case-control association study. METHODS: Individuals were genotyped for the -238 and -308 polymorphisms in the TNF-alpha gene using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. The genotype and allele frequencies for 61 HIV-positive patients with lipodystrophy were compared with (a) 35 HIV-positive patients with no evidence of lipodystrophy and (b) 239 healthy HIV-negative individuals. RESULTS: The frequency of the variant rare -238 allele was significantly different (P = 0.01) in HIV-positive patients with lipodystrophy than in those without lipodystrophy. At the genotype level, a trend towards a difference between patients with and without lipodystrophy was observed (chi2 for linear trend 5.2, P = 0.02). For the -308 polymorphism, no difference was found in genotype and allele frequencies between HIV patients with and without lipodystrophy. CONCLUSIONS: The data suggest that the -238 (but not the -308) promoter region TNF-alpha gene polymorphism is a determinant in the development of HIV-related lipodystrophy. However, the results need to be confirmed in larger numbers of patients as well as in an ethnically diverse population.[1]


  1. TNF-alpha promoter region gene polymorphisms in HIV-positive patients with lipodystrophy. Maher, B., Alfirevic, A., Vilar, F.J., Wilkins, E.G., Park, B.K., Pirmohamed, M. AIDS (2002) [Pubmed]
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