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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of MMPs and plasminogen activators in angiogenesis after transmyocardial laser revascularization in dogs.

We examined the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), tissue inhibitors of MMP (TIMPs), and plasminogen activator (PA) in transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR)-induced angiogenesis. TMLR was accomplished with a carbon dioxide laser in seven dogs whose left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was ligated. Seven control dogs underwent only LAD ligation, and four dogs underwent a sham operation, consisting only of a left thoracotomy. Two weeks later, transmural myocardial samples were harvested from the distributions of the LAD and the left circumflex artery for substrate zymography, immunohistochemical staining, and in situ zymography. MMP-1, MMP-2, TIMP-1, TIMP-2, and urokinase-type PA levels in the distribution of the LAD were higher in the laser group than in the control or sham group. Counts of von Willebrand factor-positive microvessels and smooth muscle alpha-actin-positive arterioles demonstrated that the angiogenesis and ateriogenesis was promoted in the laser group and correlated directly with the number of MMP-stained microvessels. We conclude that TMLR induces the expression of MMPs, TIMPs, and urokinase-type PA and that these proteinases play an important role in angiogenesis after TMLR.[1]


  1. Role of MMPs and plasminogen activators in angiogenesis after transmyocardial laser revascularization in dogs. Li, W., Tanaka, K., Chiba, Y., Kimura, T., Morioka, K., Uesaka, T., Ihaya, A., Sasaki, M., Tsuda, T., Yamada, N. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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