The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Replicating hepatitis delta virus RNA is edited in the nucleus by the small form of ADAR1.

Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) uses a host-encoded RNA-editing activity to express its two essential proteins from the same coding sequence. Adenosine deaminase that acts on RNA (ADAR)1 and ADAR2 are enzymes that catalyze such reactions, and each, when overexpressed, are capable of editing HDV RNA in vivo. However, the enzyme responsible for editing HDV RNA during replication has not been determined. Mammalian cells express two forms of ADAR1, a large form (ADAR1-L) that mainly localizes to the cytoplasm and a small form (ADAR1-S) that resides in the nucleus. Recently, we found that the specific activity of ADAR1-L within cells is much higher than that of ADAR1-S but only when the substrate can be edited in the cytoplasm. Here we observed that although both ADAR1-S and ADAR1-L were expressed throughout HDV replication, no ADAR2 could be observed at any time. Using expression vectors that individually overexpress either form of ADAR1, we found that ADAR1-S could stimulate editing during replication more efficiently. We next reduced ADAR1 levels during HDV replication. After transfection of an ADAR1-L-specific small interfering RNA (siRNA), we observed a significant loss of that protein and its associated cytoplasmic editing activity while the level of ADAR1-S remained unchanged. Transfection of this siRNA, however, did not reduce editing during HDV replication. In contrast, transfection of an siRNA that targets both forms of ADAR1 greatly reduced the expression of both proteins and potently inhibited editing during replication. We conclude that ADAR1-S edits HDV RNA during replication and that editing occurs in the nucleus.[1]


  1. Replicating hepatitis delta virus RNA is edited in the nucleus by the small form of ADAR1. Wong, S.K., Lazinski, D.W. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2002) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities