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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Oxidative deamination of lysine residue in plasma protein of diabetic rats. Novel mechanism via the Maillard reaction.

The levels of alpha-aminoadipic-delta-semialdehyde residue, the oxidative deamination product of lysine residue, in plasma protein from streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were evaluated. alpha-Aminoadipic-delta-semialdehyde was converted to a bisphenol derivative by acid hydrolysis in the presence of phenol, and determined by high performance liquid chromatography. Analysis of plasma proteins revealed three times higher levels of alpha-aminoadipic-delta-semialdehyde in diabetic subjects compared with normal controls. Furthermore, we explored the oxidative deamination via the Maillard reaction and demonstrated that the lysine residue of bovine serum albumin is oxidatively deaminated during the incubation with various carbohydrates in the presence of Cu2+ at a physiological pH and temperature. This experiment showed that 3-deoxyglucosone and methylglyoxal are the most efficient oxidants of the lysine residue. When the reaction was initiated from glucose, a significant amount of alpha-aminoadipic-delta-semialdehyde was also formed in the presence of Cu2+. The reaction was significantly inhibited by deoxygenation, catalase, and a hydroxyl radical scavenger. The mechanism we propose for the oxidative deamination is the Strecker-type reaction and the reactive oxygen species-mediated oxidation. Based on these findings, we propose a novel mechanism for the oxidative modification of proteins in diabetes, namely the oxidative deamination of the lysine residue via the Maillard reaction.[1]


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