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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

8-iso-prostaglandin F2alpha as a marker of tissue oxidative damage in bovine retained placenta.

Retention of foetal membranes (RFM) in cows is supposed to be associated with the imbalance between production and neutralisation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The consequence of uncontrolled ROS increase is oxidative damage to tissues, cells, and macromolecules. 8-iso-prostaglandin F2alpha (8-iso-PGF2alpha) is considered as a marker of oxidative tissue damage. The aim of the study was to investigate whether the concentrations of 8-iso-PGF2alpha, in caruncles and cotyledons from the bovine placenta differ between retained and properly released foetal membranes. Placentomes were collected immediately after either spontaneous delivery at term via the vagina or caesarean section before as well as at term through the incision and divided into six groups consisting of eight cows each as follows: A-preterm caesarean section without RFM, B-preterm caesarean section with RFM, C-term caesarean section without RFM, D-term caesarean section with RFM, E-term spontaneous delivery without RFM, F-term spontaneous delivery with RFM. The concentrations of free and total 8-iso-PGF2alpha, were determined in caruncles as well as cotyledons by enzyme immunoassay and expressed in picogram per gram of wet weight of tissue. The concentrations of free and total 8-iso-PGF2alpha were lower (P < 0.05) in cotyledons than in caruncles in all groups examined, as well as they were higher (P < 0.05) in retained than in released placenta. The concentrations of both parameters were lower (P < 0.05) in term spontaneous delivery groups than in term caesarean section groups. The results indicate that oxidative tissue damage, which may be the result of ROS imbalance, appears during RFM. However, the dynamics of this damage requires further elucidation.[1]


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