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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Secretion and cell volume regulation by salivary acinar cells from mice lacking expression of the Clcn3 Cl- channel gene.

Salivary gland acinar cells shrink when Cl(-) currents are activated following cell swelling induced by exposure to a hypotonic solution or in response to calcium-mobilizing agonists. The molecular identity of the Cl(-) channel(s) in salivary cells involved in these processes is unknown, although ClC-3 has been implicated in several tissues as a cell-volume-sensitive Cl(-) channel. We found that cells isolated from mice with targeted disruption of the Clcn3 gene undergo regulatory volume decrease in a fashion similar to cells from wild-type littermates. Consistent with a normal regulatory volume decrease response, the magnitude and the kinetics of the swell-activated Cl(-) currents in cells from ClC-3-deficient mice were equivalent to those from wild-type mice. It has also been suggested that ClC-3 is activated by Ca(2+)-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II; however, the magnitude of the Ca(2+)-dependent Cl(-) current was unchanged in the Clcn3(-/-) animals. In addition, we observed that ClC-3 appeared to be highly expressed in the smooth muscle cells of glandular blood vessels, suggesting a potential role for this channel in saliva production by regulating blood flow, yet the volume and ionic compositions of in vivo stimulated saliva from wild-type and null mutant animals were comparable. Finally, in some cells ClC-3 is an intracellular channel that is thought to be involved in vesicular acidification and secretion. Nevertheless, the protein content of saliva was unchanged in Clcn3(-/-) mice. Our results demonstrate that the ClC-3 Cl(-) channel is not a major regulator of acinar cell volume, nor is it essential for determining the secretion rate and composition of saliva.[1]


  1. Secretion and cell volume regulation by salivary acinar cells from mice lacking expression of the Clcn3 Cl- channel gene. Arreola, J., Begenisich, T., Nehrke, K., Nguyen, H.V., Park, K., Richardson, L., Yang, B., Schutte, B.C., Lamb, F.S., Melvin, J.E. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (2002) [Pubmed]
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