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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Activated protein C resistance assay detects thrombotic risk factors other than factor V Leiden.

Activated protein C (APC) resistance is a common risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE) attributed to various mechanisms, including factor V Leiden (FVL) polymorphism. FVL is considered responsible for up to 95% of APC resistance; however, other factor V polymorphisms and elevated factor VIII levels also have been implicated. We assessed whether additional mechanisms contribute to APC resistance in a blinded case-control study of 65 subjects by measuring APC resistance using 3 methods: 2 activated partial thromboplastin time-based methods with and without dilution in factor V-deficient plasma and 1 Russell viper venom-based assay (RVV). Without factor V-deficient plasma, 24 subjects were APC resistant; with factor V-deficient plasma, the assay identified fewer APC-resistant subjects, as did RVV. All assays detected the 7 heterozygous FVL subjects. Thirteen subjects had factor VIII levels above 150% (1.50). After excluding subjects with FVL or elevated factor VIII levels, 4 subjects still had APC resistance. VTE risk trended higher for subjects with APC resistance in the absence of FVL. Measurement of APC resistance without dilution in factor V-deficient plasma is needed to assess for potentially important thrombotic risk factors other than FVL.[1]


  1. Activated protein C resistance assay detects thrombotic risk factors other than factor V Leiden. Graf, L.L., Welsh, C.H., Qamar, Z., Marlar, R.A. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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