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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Oxidative stress-induced iron signaling is responsible for peroxide-dependent oxidation of dichlorodihydrofluorescein in endothelial cells: role of transferrin receptor-dependent iron uptake in apoptosis.

Dichlorodihydrofluorescein (DCFH) is one of the most frequently used probes for detecting intracellular oxidative stress. In this study, we report that H2O2-dependent intracellular oxidation of DCFH to a green fluorescent product, 2',7'-dichlorofluorescein (DCF), required the uptake of extracellular iron transported through a transferrin receptor (TfR) in endothelial cells. H2O2-induced DCF fluorescence was inhibited by the monoclonal IgA-class anti-TfR antibody (42/6) that blocked TfR endocytosis and the iron uptake. H2O2-mediated inactivation of cytosolic aconitase was responsible for activation of iron regulatory protein-1 and increased expression of TfR, resulting in an increased iron uptake into endothelial cells. H2O2-mediated caspase-3 proteolytic activation was inhibited by anti-TfR antibody. Similar results were obtained in the presence of a lipid hydroperoxide. We conclude that hydroperoxide-induced DCFH oxidation and endothelial cell apoptosis required the uptake of extracellular iron by the TfR-dependent iron transport mechanism and that the peroxide-induced iron signaling, in general, has broader implications in oxidative vascular biology.[1]


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