The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Kininase I-type carboxypeptidases enhance nitric oxide production in endothelial cells by generating bradykinin B1 receptor agonists.

Kininase I-type carboxypeptidases convert native kinin agonists for B(2) receptors into B(1) receptor agonists by specifically removing the COOH-terminal Arg residue. The membrane localization of carboxypeptidase M (CPM) and carboxypeptidase D (CPD) make them ideally situated to regulate kinin activity. Nitric oxide (NO) release from human lung microvascular endothelial cells (HLMVEC) was measured directly in real time with a porphyrinic microsensor. Bradykinin (1-100 nM) elicited a transient (5 min) peak of generation of NO that was blocked by the B(2) antagonist HOE 140, whereas B(1) agonist des-Arg(10)-kallidin caused a small linear increase in NO over 20 min. Treatment of HLMVEC with 5 ng/ml interleukin-1beta and 200 U/ml interferon-gamma for 16 h upregulated B(1) receptors as shown by an approximately fourfold increase in prolonged (>20 min) output of NO in response to des-Arg(10)-kallidin, which was blocked by the B(1) antagonist des-Arg(10)-Leu(9)-kallidin. B(2) receptor agonists bradykinin or kallidin also generated prolonged NO production in treated HLMVEC, which was significantly reduced by either a B(1) antagonist or carboxypeptidase inhibitor, and completely abolished with a combination of B(1) and B(2) receptor antagonists. Furthermore, CPM and CPD activities were increased about twofold in membrane fractions of HLMVEC treated with interleukin-1beta and interferon-gamma compared with control cells. Immunostaining localized CPD primarily in a perinuclear/Golgi region, whereas CPM was on the cell membrane. These data show that cellular kininase I-type carboxypeptidases can enhance kinin signaling and NO production by converting B(2) agonists to B(1) agonists, especially in inflammatory conditions.[1]


  1. Kininase I-type carboxypeptidases enhance nitric oxide production in endothelial cells by generating bradykinin B1 receptor agonists. Sangsree, S., Brovkovych, V., Minshall, R.D., Skidgel, R.A. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities