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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

GH-secreting pituitary adenomas infrequently contain inactivating mutations of PRKAR1A and LOH of 17q23-24.

OBJECTIVE: The molecular events leading to the development of GH-secreting pituitary tumours remain largely unknown. Gsalpha (GNAS1) mutations are found in 27-43% of sporadic GH-secreting adenomas in the Caucasian population, but the frequency of GNAS1 mutations in Japanese and Korean acromegalic patients was reported to be lower, 4-9% and 16%, respectively. Other genes responsible for the tumourigenesis of GH-secreting pituitary adenomas have not been detected yet. PRKAR1A, which codes for the RIalpha regulatory subunit of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) on 17q23-24, was recently reported to contain inactivating mutations in some Carney complex families, which involved GH-secreting adenomas in about 10%. We re-evaluated the frequency of GNAS1 mutations and investigated PRKAR1A on the hypothesis that it might play a role in the tumourigenesis of GH-secreting adenomas. DESIGN: We analysed exons 8 and 9 of GNAS1 and all exons and the exon-intron boundaries of PRKAR1A with the PCR and by direct sequencing using genomic DNA extracted from 32 GH-secreting pituitary adenomas (30 GH-secreting adenomas, two GH and PRL-secreting adenomas) and 28 corresponding peripheral blood samples, and performed loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis of 17q23-24 with four microsatellite markers and intragenic markers of PRKAR1A. RESULTS: Seventeen of 32 (53.1%) tumours showed somatic-activating mutations of GNAS1: 16 (53.3%) of 30 GH-secreting adenomas and one of two GH and PRL-secreting adenomas. Neither inactivating somatic mutations of PRKAR1A nor LOH of 17q23-24 were detected in any of the tumours examined. CONCLUSION: We reconfirm the important role of activating mutations of GNAS1 in GH-secreting adenomas, and conclude that PRKAR1A does not play a significant role in the tumourigenesis.[1]

References

  1. GH-secreting pituitary adenomas infrequently contain inactivating mutations of PRKAR1A and LOH of 17q23-24. Yamasaki, H., Mizusawa, N., Nagahiro, S., Yamada, S., Sano, T., Itakura, M., Yoshimoto, K. Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf) (2003) [Pubmed]
 
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