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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mortalin-MPD ( mevalonate pyrophosphate decarboxylase) interactions and their role in control of cellular proliferation.

Mortalin (mot-2/GRP75/PBP74/mthsp70) is a member of the hsp70 family of proteins and is differentially distributed in normal and immortal cells. It was shown to be involved in pathways to cell senescence and immortalization. To elucidate its functional aspects, a yeast interactive screen for mortalin (mot-2) binding proteins was performed. Mevalonate pyrophosphate decarboxylase (MPD) was identified as one of the mortalin binding partners. The interactions were confirmed in mammalian cells by two-hybrid assay and in vivo coimmunoprecipitation. MPD is known to furnish prenyl groups required for prenylation, protein modification that is essential for the activity of many proteins including p21(Ras) (Ras). We have examined the effect of MPD-mot-2 interactions on the level and activity of p21(Ras) and its downstream effectors, p44 and p42 MAP kinases (ERK1/ERK2), in Ras-Raf pathway. An overexpression of mot-2 resulted in reduced level of Ras and phosphorylated ERK2. These were rescued by co-expression of MPD from an exogenous promoter demonstrating a functional link between mot-2, MPD, and Ras. Ras and its oncogenic forms act as key players in controlling proliferation of normal and cancerous cells. Assigning mot-2 upstream of p21(Ras) offers an important mechanism for influence over cell proliferation.[1]


  1. Mortalin-MPD (mevalonate pyrophosphate decarboxylase) interactions and their role in control of cellular proliferation. Wadhwa, R., Yaguchi, T., Hasan, M.K., Taira, K., Kaul, S.C. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2003) [Pubmed]
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