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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibitory effect of a leukotriene receptor antagonist (montelukast) on neurokinin A-induced bronchoconstriction.

BACKGROUND: Tachykinins are potent contractors of human airways producing a dose-related bronchoconstriction when administered by means of inhalation to asthmatic subjects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effective role played by leukotrienes (LTs) in neurokinin A (NKA)-induced bronchoconstriction in asthmatic patients. METHODS: To address this question, we investigated the protective effect of a selective cysteinyl LT receptor antagonist, montelukast, against inhaled NKA and determined LTE(4) excretion in the urine. RESULTS: Inhaled NKA in the absence of any drug treatment produced a concentration-related bronchospasm with a geometric mean provocative concentration required to produce a 15% decrease in FEV(1) from the postsaline baseline value (PC(15)) value of 290.9 microg/mL (+SE, 407.1 microg/mL; -SE, 207.84 microg/mL). Montelukast pretreatment significantly increased (P <.01) the PC(15) NKA value (708.8 microg/mL; +SE, 890.47 microg/mL; -SE, 564.15 microg/mL) in comparison with placebo (394.4 microg/mL; +SE, 491.88 microg/mL; -SE, 248.16 microg/mL) and produced a shift of the NKA concentration-response curve to the right in all the subjects studied. When compared with placebo, montelukast did not have a significant protective effect against methacholine challenge; the geometric mean PC(15) values obtained were 0.87 and 0.96 mg/mL with placebo and montelukast, respectively. Although we have not observed any increase in urinary LTE(4) excretion after NKA inhalation, we have shown that pretreatment of asthmatic subjects with montelukast elicits a significant protection against NKA-induced bronchoconstriction. CONCLUSION: In asthmatic subjects NKA-induced bronchoconstriction is indirectly caused by the release of LTs, and this mechanism could explain some of the antiasthmatic and anti-inflammatory effects of LT antagonists.[1]


  1. Inhibitory effect of a leukotriene receptor antagonist (montelukast) on neurokinin A-induced bronchoconstriction. Crimi, N., Pagano, C., Palermo, F., Mastruzzo, C., Prosperini, G., Pistorio, M.P., Vancheri, C. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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