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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Redox-dependent MAP kinase signaling by Ang II in vascular smooth muscle cells: role of receptor tyrosine kinase transactivation.

We investigated the role of receptor tyrosine kinases in Ang II-stimulated generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and assessed whether MAP kinase signaling by Ang II is mediated via redox-sensitive pathways. Production of ROS and activation of NADPH oxidase were determined by DCFDA (dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate; 2 micromol/L) fluorescence and lucigenin (5 micromol/L) chemiluminescence, respectively, in rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Phosphorylation of ERK1/2, p38MAP kinase and ERK5 was determined by immunoblotting. The role of insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was assessed with the antagonists AG1024 and AG1478, respectively. ROS bioavailability was manipulated with Tiron (10(-5) mol/L), an intracellular scavenger, and diphenylene iodinium ( DPI; 10(-6) mol/L), an NADPH oxidase inhibitor. Ang II stimulated NADPH oxidase activity and dose-dependently increased ROS production (p < 0.05). These actions were reduced by AG1024 and AG1478. Ang II-induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation (276% of control) was decreased by AG1478 and AG1024. Neither DPI nor tiron influenced Ang II- stimulated ERK1/2 activity. Ang II increased phosphorylation of p38 MAP kinase (204% of control) and ERK5 (278% of control). These effects were reduced by AG1024 and AG1478 and almost abolished by DPI and tiron. Thus Ang II stimulates production of NADPH-inducible ROS partially through transactivation of IGF-1R and EGFR. Inhibition of receptor tyrosine kinases and reduced ROS bioavaliability attenuated Ang II-induced phosphorylation of p38 MAP kinase and ERK5, but not of ERK1/2. These findings suggest that Ang II activates p38MAP kinase and ERK5 via redox-dependent cascades that are regulated by IGF-1R and EGFR transactivation. ERK1/2 regulation by Ang II is via redox-insensitive pathways.[1]


  1. Redox-dependent MAP kinase signaling by Ang II in vascular smooth muscle cells: role of receptor tyrosine kinase transactivation. Touyz, R.M., Cruzado, M., Tabet, F., Yao, G., Salomon, S., Schiffrin, E.L. Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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