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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of small PDZK1-associated protein, DD96/MAP17, as a regulator of PDZK1 and plasma high density lipoprotein levels.

Scavenger receptor class B, type I ( SR-BI) is the high density lipoprotein (HDL) receptor essential for hepatic uptake of HDL cholesterol. SR-BI was shown to impact plasma HDL levels and be anti-atherogenic. Thus, the ability to regulate hepatic SR-BI may allow for the modulation of plasma HDL cholesterol and progression of atherosclerosis. However, regulation of SR-BI in liver is not well understood. Recently, the PDZ domain containing protein PDZK1 was shown to interact with SR-BI and may serve an essential role in SR-BI cell surface expression. Here we identify an in vivo PDZK1-interacting protein that we named small PDZK1-associated protein (SPAP; also known as DD96/MAP17). Unexpectedly, we found that hepatic overexpression of SPAP in mice resulted in liver deficiency of PDZK1. The absence of PDZK1 in SPAP transgenic mice resulted in a deficiency of SR-BI in liver and markedly increased plasma HDL. Metabolic labeling experiments showed that the proteasome plays a role in the turnover of newly synthesized PDZK1, but that SPAP overexpression in liver increased PDZK1 turnover in an alternate, proteasome-independent pathway. Thus, SPAP may be an endogenous regulator of cellular PDZK1 levels by regulating PDZK1 turnover.[1]


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