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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Construction and characterization of rhesus monkey rotavirus (MMU18006)- or bovine rotavirus (UK)-based serotype G5, G8, G9 or G10 single VP7 gene substitution reassortant candidate vaccines.

Group A rotaviruses are the single most important etiologic agents of severe diarrhea of infants and young children worldwide and have been estimated to be responsible for approximately 650,000-800,000 deaths annually in children <5-year-old in the developing countries. Thus, the development of a safe and effective rotavirus vaccine has been a global public health goal. Epidemiologic surveillance of rotavirus VP7 (G) serotypes-genotypes conducted in various populations throughout the world has repeatedly shown that approximately 90% of the typeable rotavirus isolates belong to G1-G4. For these reasons, we have developed a rhesus rotavirus (RRV)-based or bovine rotavirus (UK)-based quadrivalent vaccine which is designed to provide antigenic coverage for G1-G4. More recently, G serotypes-genotypes other than G1-G4, including G5, G8- G10, have been detected in various parts of the world. Although the occurrence of such uncommon G types, except for G9, has been focal, still, in order to "be ready and prepared", we have constructed and characterized eight additional reassortant rotavirus vaccines, each of which bears a single human or bovine VP7 gene encoding G serotype 5, 8, 9 or 10 specificity and the remaining 10 genes of RRV strain MMU18006 or bovine rotavirus strain UK. These candidate vaccines could be evaluated singly in special populations or in combination with a RRV- or an UK-based quadrivalent vaccine to broaden its G serotype specificity.[1]


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