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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Developing Countries

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Disease relevance of Developing Countries


Psychiatry related information on Developing Countries


High impact information on Developing Countries


Chemical compound and disease context of Developing Countries


Biological context of Developing Countries


Anatomical context of Developing Countries

  • Concentrations of DDTs in human breast milk from Cambodia were notably higher than those from developed countries and comparable to those from other developing countries, where usage of DDT for agricultural and public health purposes has been suspected to be continuing still, implying the recent usage of DDT in Cambodia [22].
  • In this report the possibilities for the application of PVP-iodine-preparations in the developing countries in the treatment of wounds, including burns and in diseases of the mucous membrane, eyes, mouth and genital region are discussed [23].
  • Leukocyte esterase urine strips for the screening of men with urethritis--use in developing countries [24].
  • Thirdly, we conclude that in developing countries where BCG fails this is not because there is too little Th1 response, but rather because the Th1 response is rendered ineffective and immunopathological by other subversive mechanisms, including IL-4 responses and inappropriate regulatory T cell function [25].

Associations of Developing Countries with chemical compounds


Gene context of Developing Countries


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Developing Countries


  1. Diagnosis of cysticercosis in endemic regions. The Cysticercosis Working Group in Peru. Garcia, H.H., Martinez, M., Gilman, R., Herrera, G., Tsang, V.C., Pilcher, J.B., Diaz, F., Verastegui, M., Gallo, C., Porras, M. Lancet (1991) [Pubmed]
  2. Short-course zidovudine for perinatal HIV-1 transmission in Bangkok, Thailand: a randomised controlled trial. Bangkok Collaborative Perinatal HIV Transmission Study Group. Shaffer, N., Chuachoowong, R., Mock, P.A., Bhadrakom, C., Siriwasin, W., Young, N.L., Chotpitayasunondh, T., Chearskul, S., Roongpisuthipong, A., Chinayon, P., Karon, J., Mastro, T.D., Simonds, R.J. Lancet (1999) [Pubmed]
  3. Two doses of PMPA protect newborn macaques against oral simian immunodeficiency virus infection. Van Rompay, K.K., Berardi, C.J., Aguirre, N.L., Bischofberger, N., Lietman, P.S., Pedersen, N.C., Marthas, M.L. AIDS (1998) [Pubmed]
  4. High prevalence of Helicobacter pylori metronidazole resistance in migrants to east London: relation with previous nitroimidazole exposure and gastroduodenal disease. Banatvala, N., Davies, G.R., Abdi, Y., Clements, L., Rampton, D.S., Hardie, J.M., Feldman, R.A. Gut (1994) [Pubmed]
  5. Immunoproliferative small intestinal disease: portrait of a potentially preventable cancer from the Third World. Khojasteh, A., Haghighi, P. Am. J. Med. (1990) [Pubmed]
  6. Migraine in Nigerian children--a study of 51 patients. Okogbo, M.E. Headache. (1991) [Pubmed]
  7. Vitamin A supplementation and child mortality. A meta-analysis. Fawzi, W.W., Chalmers, T.C., Herrera, M.G., Mosteller, F. JAMA (1993) [Pubmed]
  8. Trichuris suis therapy for active ulcerative colitis: a randomized controlled trial. Summers, R.W., Elliott, D.E., Urban, J.F., Thompson, R.A., Weinstock, J.V. Gastroenterology (2005) [Pubmed]
  9. Chloramphenicol versus benzylpenicillin and gentamicin for the treatment of severe pneumonia in children in Papua New Guinea: a randomised trial. Duke, T., Poka, H., Dale, F., Michael, A., Mgone, J., Wal, T. Lancet (2002) [Pubmed]
  10. MBL genotype and risk of invasive pneumococcal disease: a case-control study. Roy, S., Knox, K., Segal, S., Griffiths, D., Moore, C.E., Welsh, K.I., Smarason, A., Day, N.P., McPheat, W.L., Crook, D.W., Hill, A.V. Lancet (2002) [Pubmed]
  11. Epilepsy in less-developed countries and at home. Mather, I., Linnane, J., Ramaiah, S. Lancet (2001) [Pubmed]
  12. Evaluating diagnosis and treatment of oral and esophageal candidiasis in Ugandan AIDS patients. Ravera, M., Reggiori, A., Agliata, A.M., Rocco, R.P. Emerging Infect. Dis. (1999) [Pubmed]
  13. Relation between blood lead levels and childhood anemia in India. Jain, N.B., Laden, F., Guller, U., Shankar, A., Kazani, S., Garshick, E. Am. J. Epidemiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  14. Dental caries in developing countries in relation to the appropriate use of fluoride. Manji, F., Fejerskov, O. J. Dent. Res. (1990) [Pubmed]
  15. Lansoprazole and secnidazole with clarithromycin, amoxycillin or pefloxacin in the eradication of Helicobacter pylori in a developing country. Ahuja, V., Dhar, A., Bal, C., Sharma, M.P. Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther. (1998) [Pubmed]
  16. Comparison of sensitivities and specificities of latex agglutination and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus in African sera. Francis, H.L., Kabeya, M., Kafuama, N., Riggins, C., Colebunders, R., Ryder, R., Curran, J., Izaley, L., Quinn, T.C. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  17. Antimicrobial resistance and clinical effectiveness of co-trimoxazole versus amoxycillin for pneumonia among children in Pakistan: randomised controlled trial. Pakistan Co-trimoxazole Study Group. Straus, W.L., Qazi, S.A., Kundi, Z., Nomani, N.K., Schwartz, B. Lancet (1998) [Pubmed]
  18. Maternal vitamin A status and its importance in infancy and early childhood. Underwood, B.A. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1994) [Pubmed]
  19. Circulating antioxidants and lipid peroxidation products in untreated tuberculosis patients in Ethiopia. Madebo, T., Lindtjørn, B., Aukrust, P., Berge, R.K. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (2003) [Pubmed]
  20. Recent studies of the epidemiology of epilepsy in developing countries: a coordinated program for prevention and control. Schoenberg, B.S. Epilepsia (1987) [Pubmed]
  21. Vitamin A administered with measles vaccine to nine-month-old infants does not reduce vaccine immunogenicity. Bahl, R., Kumar, R., Bhandari, N., Kant, S., Srivastava, R., Bhan, M.K. J. Nutr. (1999) [Pubmed]
  22. Occurrence of PCBs, organochlorine insecticides, tris(4-chlorophenyl)methane, and tris(4-chlorophenyl)methanol in human breast milk collected from Cambodia. Kunisue, T., Someya, M., Monirith, I., Watanabe, M., Tana, T.S., Tanabe, S. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  23. The application of PVP-iodine in developing countries. Sixl, W., Schuhmann, G., Schneeweiss, W.D., Rosegger, H. Geographia medica. Supplement = Geographia medica. Sonderband. (1988) [Pubmed]
  24. Leukocyte esterase urine strips for the screening of men with urethritis--use in developing countries. Tyndall, M.W., Nasio, J., Maitha, G., Ndinya-Achola, J.O., Plummer, F.A., Sellors, J.W., Luinstra, K.E., Jang, D., Mahony, J.B., Chernesky, M.A. Genitourinary medicine. (1994) [Pubmed]
  25. Immune systems in developed and developing countries; implications for the design of vaccines that will work where BCG does not. Rook, G.A., Dheda, K., Zumla, A. Tuberculosis (Edinburgh, Scotland) (2006) [Pubmed]
  26. Vitamins, iron, and physical work. Bates, C.J., Powers, H.J., Thurnham, D.I. Lancet (1989) [Pubmed]
  27. Screening for active tuberculosis in HIV testing centre. Espinal, M.A., Reingold, A.L., Koenig, E., Lavandera, M., Sanchez, S. Lancet (1995) [Pubmed]
  28. Randomised controlled trial to assess acceptability of phenobarbital for childhood epilepsy in rural India. Pal, D.K., Das, T., Chaudhury, G., Johnson, A.L., Neville, B.G. Lancet (1998) [Pubmed]
  29. Access to fluconazole in less-developed countries. Ball, D., Tisócki, K., Houston, S. Lancet (2001) [Pubmed]
  30. Telling doctors in a developing country about phenylbutazone. Wolffers, I. Lancet (1984) [Pubmed]
  31. Association between apolipoprotein E polymorphism and Alzheimer disease in Tehran, Iran. Raygani, A.V., Zahrai, M., Raygani, A.V., Doosti, M., Javadi, E., Rezaei, M., Pourmotabbed, T. Neurosci. Lett. (2005) [Pubmed]
  32. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in a diverse culture: do research and clinical findings support the notion of a cultural construct for the disorder? Rohde, L.A., Szobot, C., Polanczyk, G., Schmitz, M., Martins, S., Tramontina, S. Biol. Psychiatry (2005) [Pubmed]
  33. Evaluation of a PCR-based universal heteroduplex generator assay as a tool for rapid detection of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Peru. Mayta, H., Gilman, R.H., Arenas, F., Valencia, T., Caviedes, L., Montenegro, S.H., Ticona, E., Ortiz, J., Chumpitaz, R., Evans, C.A., Williams, D.L. J. Clin. Microbiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  34. Anti-reticulin antibodies: useful adjunct to histopathology in diagnosing celiac disease, especially in a developing country. Khoshoo, V., Bhan, M.K., Unsworth, D.J., Kumar, R., Walker Smith, J.A. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. (1988) [Pubmed]
  35. Celiac disease in India: are they true cases of celiac disease? Poddar, U., Thapa, B.R., Nain, C.K., Prasad, A., Singh, K. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. (2002) [Pubmed]
  36. The design and development of deferiprone (L1) and other iron chelators for clinical use: targeting methods and application prospects. Kontoghiorghes, G.J., Pattichis, K., Neocleous, K., Kolnagou, A. Current medicinal chemistry. (2004) [Pubmed]
  37. Cysticercosis and epilepsy: a critical review. Carpio, A., Escobar, A., Hauser, W.A. Epilepsia (1998) [Pubmed]
  38. Use of alternative medicine by patients with epilepsy: a survey of 265 epileptic patients in a developing country. Danesi, M.A., Adetunji, J.B. Epilepsia (1994) [Pubmed]
  39. Herpes simplex keratitis in a developing country. Natural history and treatment of epithelial ulcers in Tunisia. Whitcher, J.P., Dawson, C.R., Hoshiwara, I., Daghfous, T., Messadi, M., Triki, F., Oh, J.O. Arch. Ophthalmol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  40. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for autoimmune diseases in developing countries: current status and future prospectives. Voltarelli, J.C., Ouyang, J. Bone Marrow Transplant. (2003) [Pubmed]
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