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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Bradykinin degrading activity in cultured human endothelial cells.

The role of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (NEP), and other peptidases in the endothelial degradation of bradykinin was investigated in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). The major part of the kininase II activity on intact cells was attributed to ACE activity, the minor part to NEP activity. Amastatin, as aminopeptidase inhibitor, and DL-2-mercaptomethyl-3-guanidinoethyl-thiopropionic acid (MGTA), an inhibitor of kininase I, did not affect endothelial kininase activity. The decline of the bradykinin concentrations in the supernatant of intact endothelial monolayer indicated a total kininase activity of 289 +/- 27 fmol/min/dish. The calculated activity of ACE was 223 fmol/min/dish and the neutral endopeptidase activity was 51 fmol/min/dish. Thus, ACE and neutral endopeptidase are the main kininases in the degradation of bradykinin by intact endothelial cells. In contrast to the intact endothelial monolayers, in homogenates additional kininase activity was found which was not affected by either ACE and NEP inhibitors nor by amastatin and MGTA.[1]


  1. Bradykinin degrading activity in cultured human endothelial cells. Graf, K., Gräfe, M., Auch-Schwelk, W., Baumgarten, C.R., Bossaller, C., Fleck, E. J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol. (1992) [Pubmed]
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