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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Substrate specificity of the alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase from Rhizomucor pusillus HHT-1.

The alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase (AF) from the fungus Rhizomucor pusillus HHT-1 released arabinose at appreciable rates from (1-->5)-alpha-L-arabinofuranooligosaccharides, sugar beet arabinan and debranched arabinan. This enzyme preferentially hydrolyzed the terminal arabinofuranosyl residue [alpha-(1-->5)-linked] of the arabinan backbone rather than the arabinosyl side chain [alpha-(1-->3)-linked residues]. The enzyme-hydrolyzed arabinan reacted at and debranched the arabinan almost at the same rate, and the degree of conversion for both cases was 65%. Methylation analysis of arabinan showed that the arabinosyl-linkage proportions were 2:2:2:1, respectively, for (1-->5)-Araf, T-Araf, (1-->3, 5)-Araf and (1-->3)-Araf, while the ratios for the AF-digested arabinan shifted to 3:1:2:1. Enzyme digestion resulted in an increase in the proportion of (1-->5)-linked arabinose and a decrease in the proportion of terminal arabinose indicated this AF cleaved the terminal arabinosyl residue of the arabinan back bone [alpha-(1-->5)-linked residues]. Peak assignments in the 13C NMR spectra also confirmed this linkage composition of four kinds of arabinose residues. Both 1H and 13C NMR spectra are dominated by signals of the alpha-anomeric configuration of the arabinofuranosyl moieties. No signals were recorded for arabinopyranosyl moieties in the NMR spectra. Methylation and NMR analysis of native and AF-digested arabinan revealed that this alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase can only hydrolyse alpha-L-arabinofuranosyl residues of arabinan.[1]


  1. Substrate specificity of the alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase from Rhizomucor pusillus HHT-1. Rahman, A.K., Kato, K., Kawai, S., Takamizawa, K. Carbohydr. Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
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