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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Scavenger receptor class B type I- mediated protection against atherosclerosis in LDL receptor-negative mice involves its expression in bone marrow-derived cells.

OBJECTIVE: Scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) is a cell-surface HDL receptor that is implicated in reverse cholesterol transport and protection against atherosclerosis. We have previously demonstrated that SR-BI/apolipoprotein E double-knockout mice develop severe occlusive coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction and die at approximately 6 weeks of age. To determine if this is a general effect of a lack of SR-BI, we generated mice deficient in both SR-BI and the LDL receptor. METHODS AND RESULTS: Complete ablation of SR-BI expression in LDL receptor knockout mice resulted in increased plasma cholesterol associated with HDL particles of abnormally large size and a 6-fold increase in diet-induced aortic atherosclerosis but no macroscopic evidence of early-onset coronary artery disease, cardiac pathology, or early death. Furthermore, selective elimination of SR-BI expression in bone marrow-derived cells resulted in increased diet- induced atherosclerosis in LDL receptor knockout mice without concomitant alterations in the distributions of plasma lipoprotein cholesterol. CONCLUSIONS: SR-BI expression protects against atherosclerosis in LDL receptor-deficient as well as apolipoprotein E-deficient mice, and its expression in bone marrow-derived cells contributes to this protection.[1]


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