The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phenotypic behavior of caveolin-3 R26Q, a mutant associated with hyperCKemia, distal myopathy, and rippling muscle disease.

Four different phenotypes have been associated with CAV3 mutations: limb girdle muscular dystrophy-1C (LGMD-1C), rippling muscle disease (RMD), and distal myopathy (DM), as well as idiopathic and familial hyperCKemia (HCK). Detailed molecular characterization of two caveolin-3 mutations (P104L and DeltaTFT), associated with LGMD-1C, shows them to impart a dominant-negative effect on wild-type caveolin-3, rendering it dysfunctional through sequestration in the Golgi complex. Interestingly, substitution of glutamine for arginine at amino acid position 26 (R26Q) of caveolin-3 is associated not only with RMD but also with DM and HCK. However, the phenotypic behavior of the caveolin-3 R26Q mutation has never been evaluated in cultured cells. Thus we characterized the cellular and molecular properties of the R26Q mutant protein to better understand how this mutation can manifest as such distinct disease phenotypes. Here, we show that the caveolin-3 R26Q mutant is mostly retained at the level of the Golgi complex. The caveolin-3 R26Q mutant formed oligomers of a much larger size than wild-type caveolin-3 and was excluded from caveolae-enriched membranes. However, caveolin-3 R26Q did not behave in a dominant-negative fashion when coexpressed with wild-type caveolin-3. Thus the R26Q mutation behaves differently from other caveolin-3 mutations (P104L and DeltaTFT) that have been previously characterized. These data provide a possible explanation for the scope of the various disease phenotypes associated with the caveolin-3 R26Q mutation. We propose a haploinsufficiency model in which reduced levels of wild-type caveolin-3, although not rendered dysfunctional due to the caveolin-3 R26Q mutant protein, are insufficient for normal muscle cell function.[1]


  1. Phenotypic behavior of caveolin-3 R26Q, a mutant associated with hyperCKemia, distal myopathy, and rippling muscle disease. Sotgia, F., Woodman, S.E., Bonuccelli, G., Capozza, F., Minetti, C., Scherer, P.E., Lisanti, M.P. Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities