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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor ubiquitination is mediated by mammalian Ubc7, a component of the endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation pathway, and is inhibited by chelation of intracellular Zn2+.

In response to activation of certain cell surface receptors, inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (InsP3Rs), which are located in the endoplasmic reticulum, can be rapidly ubiquitinated and then degraded by the proteasome. Ubiquitination is mediated by the concerted action of ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (Ubcs or E2s) and ubiquitin-protein ligases (E3s). In the present study we have examined the enzymology of ubiquitination of endogenous InsP3Rs in muscarinic agonist-stimulated SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells, focusing our attention on two mammalian E2s, MmUbc6 and MmUbc7, that have been implicated in endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) and are homologous to the yeast ERAD E2s, Ubc6p and Ubc7p. Analysis of SH-SY5Y cells stably expressing these enzymes and their dominant-negative mutants revealed that MmUbc7 mediates InsP3R ubiquitination and down-regulation, but that MmUbc6 does not. These data indicate that InsP3Rs are processed by a component of the ERAD pathway and suggest that MmUbc7 may be employed selectively to ubiquitinate proteins, like InsP3Rs, that are subject to regulated ERAD. Additional studies showed that the Zn2+ chelator N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine blocked InsP3R ubiquitination, suggesting that a RING finger domain-containing E3 is also involved in this process. Finally, muscarinic agonist-induced InsP3R ubiquitination was seen in rat brain slices, indicating that the results obtained from SH-SY5Y cells reflect a physiological process.[1]


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