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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

TIMP-2 mediated inhibition of angiogenesis: an MMP-independent mechanism.

Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) suppress matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity critical for extracellular matrix turnover associated with both physiologic and pathologic tissue remodeling. We demonstrate here that TIMP-2 abrogates angiogenic factor-induced endothelial cell proliferation in vitro and angiogenesis in vivo independent of MMP inhibition. These effects require alpha 3 beta 1 integrin- mediated binding of TIMP-2 to endothelial cells. Further, TIMP-2 induces a decrease in total protein tyrosine phosphatase ( PTP) activity associated with beta1 integrin subunits as well as dissociation of the phosphatase SHP-1 from beta1. TIMP-2 treatment also results in a concomitant increase in PTP activity associated with tyrosine kinase receptors FGFR-1 and KDR. Our findings establish an unexpected, MMP-independent mechanism for TIMP-2 inhibition of endothelial cell proliferation in vitro and reveal an important component of the antiangiogenic effect of TIMP2 in vivo.[1]


  1. TIMP-2 mediated inhibition of angiogenesis: an MMP-independent mechanism. Seo, D.W., Li, H., Guedez, L., Wingfield, P.T., Diaz, T., Salloum, R., Wei, B.Y., Stetler-Stevenson, W.G. Cell (2003) [Pubmed]
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