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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Advantages of CO2 laser use in surgical management of otosclerosis.

BACKGROUND: Otosclerosis is a progressive osteo-destructive disorder of the bony labyrinth in which the fixation of the stapes causes the hearing loss. The aim of this study was the postoperative determination of parameters of the effect of surgical intervention on hearing and the incidence of complications and, on the basis of the differences in the examined parameters of the study, the estimation of the efficacy of the two mentioned surgical techniques in the treatment of otosclerosis. METHODS: In our research 40 patients with conductive hearing loss caused by otosclerosis underwent surgery with CO2 laser. Functional results were compared postoperatively with the results of 40 patients operated by the classical technique without the use of CO2 laser. The research was accomplished as a prospective comparative study. RESULTS: The air-bone interval (gap) as the difference between the rim of air and bone conductivity for separate frequencies did not significantly differ between the control and the experimental group. Both methods were effective in closing the air-bone gap with the rates of closure to within 10 dB in 82.6% and 75.3% for the laser and drill, respectively. The incidence of tinnitus was significantly lower in patients who underwent surgery with CO2 laser. The frequency of intraoperative and postoperative complications was significantly lower in the laser group. Differences were statistically significant for all parameters (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: On the basis of the degree of postoperative hearing improvement, tinnitus and the incidence of complications it can be concluded that the use of CO2 laser during inverse stapedoplasty represents an effective and safe method, justifying the promotion of its use in the surgical management of otosclerosis.[1]


  1. Advantages of CO2 laser use in surgical management of otosclerosis. Matković, S., Kitanoski, B., Malicević, Z. Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review. (2003) [Pubmed]
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