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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Bacterial lipopolysaccharide up-regulates platelet-activating factor-stimulated Ca2+ mobilization and eicosanoid release in human Mono Mac 6 cells.

When human monocytic Mono Mac 6 cells were treated with bacterial LPS (10 ng/ml, 72 h), they showed an increase in phagocytic activity, superoxide anion production, and expression of monocyte/macrophage-associated cell surface Ag. In these more mature ( LPS-treated) cells but not in untreated cells, platelet-activating factor (PAF) (100 nM) produced a three- to fourfold increase in cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration. The cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration increase was inhibited by the PAF receptor antagonist L-659,989 (10 microM) and by EGTA (2 mM), indicating receptor-dependent Ca2+ influx. Furthermore, L-659,989 (10 microM), as well as PAF (1 microM), inhibited specific [3H]PAF binding in LPS-treated but not in untreated cells. Consistent with these results, PAF (100 nM) stimulated release of arachidonic acid and thromboxane B2 only in LPS-treated cells, and this could be inhibited by L-659,989 (10 microM) and EGTA (2 mM). Our data indicate that LPS up-regulates PAF-induced Ca2+ influx, resulting in arachidonic acid and eicosanoid release in Mono Mac 6 cells.[1]


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