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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Genome-wide analyses revealing a signaling network of the RcsC-YojN-RcsB phosphorelay system in Escherichia coli.

In Escherichia coli, capsular colanic acid polysaccharide synthesis is regulated through the multistep RcsC-->YojN-->RcsB phosphorelay. By monitoring a hallmarked cps::lacZ reporter gene, we first searched for physiological stimuli that propagate the Rcs signaling system. The expression of cps::lacZ was activated when cells were grown at a low temperature (20 degrees C) in the presence of glucose as a carbon source and in the presence of a relatively high concentration of external zinc (1 mM ZnCl(2)). In this Rcs signaling system, the rcsF gene product (a putative outer membrane-located lipoprotein) was also an essential signaling component. Based on the defined signaling pathway and physiological stimuli for the Rcs signaling system, we conducted genome-wide analyses with microarrays to clarify the Rcs transcriptome (i.e., Rcs regulon). Thirty-two genes were identified as putative Rcs regulon members; these genes included 15 new genes in addition to 17 of the previously described cps genes. Using a set of 37 two-component system mutants, we performed alternative genome-wide analyses. The results showed that the propagation of the zinc-responsive Rcs signaling system was largely dependent on another two-component system, PhoQ/P. Considering the fact that the PhoQ/P signaling system responds to external magnesium, we obtained evidence which supports the view that there is a signaling network that connects the Rcs system with the PhoQ/P system, which coordinately regulates extracellular polysaccharide synthesis in response to the external concentrations of divalent cations.[1]


  1. Genome-wide analyses revealing a signaling network of the RcsC-YojN-RcsB phosphorelay system in Escherichia coli. Hagiwara, D., Sugiura, M., Oshima, T., Mori, H., Aiba, H., Yamashino, T., Mizuno, T. J. Bacteriol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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