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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of the transport of a synthetic bile salt, iodinated cholyl-glycyl-tyrosine, in isolated cultured rat hepatocytes.

The uptake of tri-hydroxy conjugated bile salts by hepatocytes is principally by a sodium-dependent carrier. We examined the uptake kinetics of the high-specific-activity, hydroxylated, conjugated bile salt 125I-labeled cholyl-glycyl-tyrosine, to determine whether this synthetic bile salt was transported by the sodium-dependent bile salt system. 125I-labeled cholyl-glycyl-tyrosine was synthesized, and its transport kinetics were studied in freshly cultured rat hepatocytes. Uptake into hepatocytes was time and temperature dependent and was decreased by the inhibitors diisothiocyanodisulfonic acid stilbene, probenecid and carbonyl cyanide chlorophenyl hydrazone, demonstrating carrier mediation and energy dependence. At concentrations of iodinated cholyl-glycyl-tyrosine less than 10 mumol/L, uptake was 27% +/- 5% sodium dependent, whereas at concentrations from 10 mumol/L to 40 mumol/L uptake was 52% +/- 4% sodium dependent. The apparent affinity for uptake of 125I-labeled cholyl-glycyl-tyrosine was 8 +/- 2 mumol/L, and the maximal velocity was 50 +/- 20 pmol/micrograms DNA/min. Both taurocholate and indocyanine green inhibited uptake of 125I-labeled cholyl-glycyl-tyrosine. Indocyanine green inhibited the uptake of 125I-labeled cholyl-glycyl-tyrosine (Ki = 10 microns) more effectively than taurocholate (Ki = 20 microns). We conclude that 125I-labeled cholyl-glycyl-tyrosine is not a specific probe for either sodium-dependent bile salt or sodium-independent organic anion carriers, but appears to use both systems in a concentration-dependent manner in cultured rat hepatocytes.[1]


  1. Characterization of the transport of a synthetic bile salt, iodinated cholyl-glycyl-tyrosine, in isolated cultured rat hepatocytes. Deutsch, J.C., Iwahashi, M.M., Sutherland, E.M., Mapoles, J., Simon, F.R. Hepatology (1992) [Pubmed]
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