The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular cloning and promoter analysis of the rat liver farnesyl diphosphate synthase gene.

The isolation and characterization of the rat genomic clone encoding the cholesterogenic enzyme farnesyl diphosphate ( FPP) synthase is reported. The gene is localized on a 15-kilobase (kb) genomic fragment, spans approximately 12 kb and contains eight exons. Sequences containing from 3.9 kb to 132 base pairs (bp) of the putative promoter were joined to the coding region of the bacterial reporter gene chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT). The CAT activities or CAT mRNA levels of the hybrid genes were determined following either transient transfections into human hepatoma HepG2 cells or stable transfections into Chinese hamster ovary cells. The transient transfections identified a 319-bp fragment that was required for a 4-fold induction in the absence of sterols. Sequence analysis of this region showed it contained five potential copies of the sterol regulatory element (SRE-1) (Smith, J.R., Osborne, T.F., Brown, M.S., Goldstein, J.L., and Gil, G. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 18480-18487) previously identified in the promoters of the 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, HMG-CoA synthase, and low density lipoprotein receptor genes. Further mutational and deletion analysis of the FPP synthase promoter-CAT constructs followed by stable transfection and primer extension of the CAT mRNA levels indicated that these potential SRE-1 regulatory elements were not involved in the sterol-mediated transcriptional regulation of the gene. Our analyses have identified a 115-bp region that is required for the transcriptional induction of FPP synthase in the absence of sterols. These results suggest that the FPP synthase gene may be regulated at the transcriptional level by a different mechanism than other sterol regulated genes.[1]


  1. Molecular cloning and promoter analysis of the rat liver farnesyl diphosphate synthase gene. Spear, D.H., Kutsunai, S.Y., Correll, C.C., Edwards, P.A. J. Biol. Chem. (1992) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities