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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

A possible mechanism of endothelium-dependent relaxation induced by pirarubicin and carbachol in rat isolated aorta.

The mechanism of endothelium-dependent relaxation induced by pirarubicin, (2''R)-4'-O-tetrahydropyranyladriamycin, THP, or carbachol was investigated in the rat isolated aorta. The relaxant effect of THP (1.5 x 10(-6)-4.5 x 10(-5) M) or carbachol (10(-8)-10(-4) M) on the aorta with endothelium was decreased by lowering Ca2+ in the medium. The relaxation induced by THP was not inhibited by pretreatment with verapamil (10(-6)-10(-5) M), and that induced by carbachol was only partially inhibited. However, on replacement of all but 20 mM Na+ with either Li+ or choline, the THP- or carbachol-induced relaxation was inhibited. Furthermore, the relaxing effect of THP or carbachol was inhibited by pretreatment with amiloride (10(-4)-3 x 10(-4) M), with ouabain (10(-4)-10(-3) M), or with K(+)-depletion. These results suggest that the THP- or carbachol-induced relaxation depending on endothelium was affected by modifying the calcium ion concentration, and that a Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange process is involved.[1]

References

  1. A possible mechanism of endothelium-dependent relaxation induced by pirarubicin and carbachol in rat isolated aorta. Hirano, S., Agata, N., Hara, Y., Iguchi, H., Shirai, M., Tone, H., Urakawa, N. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. (1992) [Pubmed]
 
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