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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Follicular fluid insulin-like growth factor binding protein profiles in polycystic ovary syndrome.

Insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) are believed to modulate the actions of IGF-I and IGF-II at the cellular level. We have examined, by Western ligand blot analysis, the IGFBP profiles in follicular fluid (FF) from patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (a disorder of ovarian folliculogenesis), compared to FF from atretic and developing (estrogenic) follicles from normally cycling women. IGFBPs with apparent mol wts (Mr) of 41.5, 38.5, 31, 28, and 24kDa were detected in PCOS FF. The profile of IGFBPs in PCOS FF was indistinguishable from that seen in atretic follicles in cycling women. However, higher levels of the 31, 28, and 24kDa IGFBPs were observed in PCOS FF, compared to healthy, estrogenic follicles. Using specific antisera, the 41.5 and 38.5kDa IGFBPs were identified as IGFBP-3, and the 31kDa IGFBP as IGFBP-2. IGFBP-1, however, was not appreciably detectable in PCOS FF, by Western ligand blotting. Endoglycosidase F treatment of FF decreased the Mr of the 28kDa IGFBP to 24kDa, and neither the 28kDa nor the 24kDa IGFBP was immunoprecipitated by antibodies to IGFBP-1, -2, or -3. Elevated levels of 28kDa and 24kDa IGFBPs in PCOS FF may represent glycosylated and core forms of IGFBP-4. The data presented herein show that in PCOS FF, as well as in FF from atretic follicles from normally cycling women, IGFBP-2 and 28 and 24kDa IGFBPs are present in greater amounts, compared to levels in FF from healthy, developing, estrogenic follicles. One or more of the IGFBP species elevated in atretic and PCOS follicles may bind IGFs in FF, thereby inhibiting IGF action on the granulosa during normal folliculogenesis.[1]


  1. Follicular fluid insulin-like growth factor binding protein profiles in polycystic ovary syndrome. Cataldo, N.A., Giudice, L.C. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1992) [Pubmed]
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